Thanks to Governor Gavin Newsom’s signature, California took a step to ensure that courts can’t systematically decide that the life of a white person is worth more money than that of an African American or Latino.
On July 30, Newsom signed Senate Bill 41, bringing to an end a practice in which the legal system deliberately and explicitly uses gender and race to determine how much compensation victims and families get in civil cases involving injury or death.
“This breakthrough legislation will help ensure victims and their families – no matter their race or gender – get their fair share in court, and it will also prevent corporate ‘risk-assessment’ decisions from hurting communities of color," said Gina Dalma, Silicon Valley Community Foundation’s executive vice president for public policy.
The new law will bring greater equity to civil damage awards by banning the use of biased statistical tables used by forensic economists to predict an individual’s lifetime worth, following death or injury.
As we wrote earlier this year “Today, when juries award damages to victims or their families to compensate them for being injured or killed, they routinely award women, African-Americans and Latinos smaller amounts of compensation than they do to white men, based on the notion that, as a group, people of color and women are likely to earn less money in their lifetime, to die younger, or both.”
Authored by Senator Robert Hertzberg, who represents the San Fernando Valley in Southern California, the bill will become law on January 1, 2020.
SVCF began advocating for this change in 2017, when we provided funding for a report on discrimination in civil damages from the Lawyer’s Committee for Civil Rights. The community foundation also lobbied on behalf of the bill and worked closely with Senator Hertzberg’s office and Robert Johnson, a forensic economist who testified before the judiciary committee, offering real world examples of how this bias plays out in the courtroom.
“There are still so many instances of racial, gender and ethnic injustice within the structures of our society, and this work shined a light on one of them,” Dalma said. “Philanthropy is at its best when it brings people together to solve these kinds of injustices with systemic solutions.”